Exodus is the Book of Redemption. The nation of Israel is hopelessly enslaved in the land of Egypt. It appears that this condition will never change, and their fate will eternally be one of misery. Then God provides hope for a people without hope, and according to His gracious promise, delivers them from a bondage they could not deliver themselves from. Moses is the servant who declares the promise, and who brings the deliverance.
Exodus is a Greek word meaning “departure.” The original Hebrew title we’elleh shemowth means “And these are the names.” The book of Exodus picks up right where Genesis left off—with the names of the Sons of Israel who descended to Egypt (Ex. 1:1-5 cp. Gen. 46:8-27).
Christian Bible scholars attribute Moses as the author of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.