Deuteronomy - 18:1-22

      1 The priests the Levites, (even) all the tribe of Levi, shall have no portion nor inheritance with Israel: they shall eat the offerings of Yahweh made by fire, and his inheritance. 2 They shall have no inheritance among their brothers: Yahweh is their inheritance, as he has spoken to them. 3 This shall be the priests' due from the people, from those who offer a sacrifice, whether it be ox or sheep, that they shall give to the priest the shoulder, and the two cheeks, and the maw. 4 The first fruits of your grain, of your new wine, and of your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, you shall give him. 5 For Yahweh your God has chosen him out of all your tribes, to stand to minister in the name of Yahweh, him and his sons for ever. 6 If a Levite comes from any of your gates out of all Israel, where he lives as a foreigner, and comes with all the desire of his soul to the place which Yahweh shall choose; 7 then he shall minister in the name of Yahweh his God, as all his brothers the Levites do, who stand there before Yahweh. 8 They shall have like portions to eat, besides that which comes of the sale of his patrimony. 9 When you are come into the land which Yahweh your God gives you, you shall not learn to do after the abominations of those nations. 10 There shall not be found with you anyone who makes his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, one who uses divination, one who practices sorcery, or an enchanter, or a sorcerer, 11 or a charmer, or a consulter with a familiar spirit, or a wizard, or a necromancer. 12 For whoever does these things is an abomination to Yahweh: and because of these abominations Yahweh your God does drive them out from before you. 13 You shall be perfect with Yahweh your God. 14 For these nations, that you shall dispossess, listen to those who practice sorcery, and to diviners; but as for you, Yahweh your God has not allowed you so to do. 15 Yahweh your God will raise up to you a prophet from the midst of you, of your brothers, like me. You shall listen to him. 16 This is according to all that you desired of Yahweh your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, "Let me not hear again the voice of Yahweh my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I not die." 17 Yahweh said to me, "They have well said that which they have spoken. 18 I will raise them up a prophet from among their brothers, like you; and I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I shall command him. 19 It shall happen, that whoever will not listen to my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him. 20 But the prophet, who shall speak a word presumptuously in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who shall speak in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die." 21 If you say in your heart, "How shall we know the word which Yahweh has not spoken?" 22 when a prophet speaks in the name of Yahweh, if the thing doesn't follow, nor happen, that is the thing which Yahweh has not spoken: the prophet has spoken it presumptuously, you shall not be afraid of him.

Chapter In-Depth

Explanation and meaning of Deuteronomy 18.

Historical Commentaries

Scholarly Analysis and Interpretation.

The priests and Levites to have no inheritance, Deuteronomy 18:1, Deuteronomy 18:2. What is the priest's due, Deuteronomy 18:3-5. Of the Levites that come from any of the other cities, Deuteronomy 18:6-8. The Israelites must not copy the abominations of the former inhabitants, Deuteronomy 18:9. None to cause his son or daughter to pass through the fire, or use any kind of divination or enchantment, as the former inhabitants did, Deuteronomy 18:10-14. The great prophet which God promised to raise up, Deuteronomy 18:15-19. Of false prophets, Deuteronomy 18:20; and how to discern them, Deuteronomy 18:21, Deuteronomy 18:22.

This chapter gives an account of the provision made for the priests and Levites, with the reason of it, Deuteronomy 18:1, of allowance of a country Levite to minister at Jerusalem, and take his portion with the rest, Deuteronomy 18:6, and of several persons of bad practices not to be suffered among the people of Israel, Deuteronomy 18:9, and of an extraordinary prophet that should be raised up among them, to whom they should hearken, or it would be the worse for them, Deuteronomy 18:15, but a false prophet was to be put to death, of whom a sign is given by which he might be known, Deuteronomy 18:20.

(Deuteronomy 18:1-8) A provision respecting Levites.
(Deuteronomy 18:9-14) The abominations of the Canaanites to be avoided.
(Deuteronomy 18:15-22) Christ the great Prophet.

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